Top 15 Toppled Dictators
( TIME )

After 42 years in power in Libya, Muammar Gaddafi met his demise Oct.
20. TIME takes a look at other dictators who have been overthrown by
their own people

Adolf Hitler

In its May 7, 1945 issue, TIME wrote of Adolph Hitler, "If he were
indeed dead, the hope of most of mankind had been realized. For seldom
had so many millions of people hoped so implacably for the death of one
man." Though it would take years to learn the full extent and the true
horror of Hitler's reign over the Third Reich, even in the spring of
1945, as American allies closed in on Berlin from the east and west, it
was clear that Hitler's removal from power would be necessary to end
six years of bloody global war. In the end, Hitler spared the world a
certain war crimes trial by taking his own life. "Seldom in human
history, never in modern times, had a man so insignificantly monstrous
become the absolute head of a great nation," TIME wrote, part of a
celebration of sorts for the man's end and an obituary for the country
he drove to its ruin.

Idi Amin

The self-proclaimed Ugandan President-for-Life ruled the country for
far less time than he had hoped, but the eight years of his tenure were
filled with gross human-rights violations, ethnic persecution -- tens
of thousands of Ugandans of Indian origin were forced out -- killings
and unbridled corruption. After alienating many of his supporters
during a period of increasingly erratic behavior in the late 1970s,
Amin found himself nearly alone at the top. A group of his own troops
turned against him and soon -- bolstered by a Tanzanian military force
and Ugandan exiles -- they brought Amin down. He fled to Libya, where
his supporter Muammar Gaddafi awaited him. There Amin remained for
several years before relocating to Saudi Arabia, where he died in 2003,
remorseless and angry at his country's betrayal.


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カダフィの遺体のある場所 住民の憎悪に包まれて

Where Gaddafi's Corpse Lies: In the City That Hated Him Most
( TIME )

The lifeless figure, bloodied and beaten, lay naked but for tan-colored
trousers, with gouge marks across his chest and a bullet hole in one
temple. This was the man who instilled terror in Libyans for nearly 42
years. At the back of a food market on Friday afternoon, Oct. 21,
Muammar Gaddafi's body lay on a dusty, narrow foam mattress under a
bare fluorescent light in a refrigerated room normally used for fruits
and vegetables. The cocky omnipotence that strutted over Libya for two
generations had become a pathetic, brutalized cadaver.

A small group of local residents filed in nervously. Blinking in the
darkness before the light was switched on, they gasped as their eyes
adjusted to the sight of Gaddafi's body, scarcely able to believe that
they were peering at the dictator's dead face just inches away. It was,
for them, concrete proof that their ruler was truly dust and to dust he
was returning. An elderly man in a gray robe and white skullcap
staggered out into the sun, lifted his arms to the sky and said, "Oh,
thank you, God, thank you, God." An 11-year-old boy waiting to enter,
having been brought to the site by his father, sneered as he chewed a
wad of gum and said, "I came because I want to see frizzhead."

But by sundown Friday, Gaddafi was still unburied. Jibril arrived
midafternoon from Tripoli to see the body; he told reporters the
autopsy indicating how Gaddafi died could take another day or so. On
Thursday evening, Jibril told TIME that Gaddafi had been caught in
cross fire during a firefight between rebel fighters and a group of
Gaddafi loyalists after he was discovered hiding in a sewage ditch.
Jibril claimed rebels had been trying to carry Gaddafi, who was already
wounded in what is believed to have been a NATO air attack on his
convoy, to a makeshift ambulance.

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高齢者ポルノ 日本で活況を呈するニッチ性産業

Japan's Booming Sex Niche: Elder Porn
( TIME )

Besides his glowing complexion, Shigeo Tokuda looks like any other
74-year-old man in Japan. Despite suffering a heart attack three years
ago, the lifelong salaryman now feels healthier, and lives happily with
his wife and a daughter in downtown Tokyo. He is, of course, more
physically active than most retirees, but that's because he's kept his
part-time job -- as a porn star.

Shigeo Tokuda is, in fact, his screen name. He prefers not to disclose
his real name because, he insists, his wife and daughter have no idea
that he has appeared in about 350 films over the past 14 years. And in
his double life, Tokuda arguably embodies the contemporary state of
Japan's sexuality: in surveys conducted by organizations ranging from
the World Health Organization (WHO) to the condom-maker Durex, Japan is
repeatedly found to be one of the most sexless societies in the
industrialized world. A WHO report released in March found that 1 in 4
married couples in Japan had not made love in the previous year, while
38% of couples in their 50s no longer have sex at all. Those figures
were attributed to the stresses of Japanese working life. Yet at the
same time, the country has seen a surge in demand for pornography that
has turned adult videos into a billion-dollar industry, with "elder
porn" one of its fastest-growing genres.

But Tokuda stresses the appeal of his work to an audience of his peers:
"Elderly people don't identify with school dramas," he says. "It's
easier for them to relate to older-men-and-daughters-in-law series, so
they tend to watch adult videos with older people in them." The veteran
porn star plans to keep working until he's 80 -- or older, as long as
the industry will cast him. Given the bullish market for his stardom,
he's unlikely to go without work.

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実業家スティーヴ・ジョブズ ジョブズなきアップルの繁栄は続くのか?

Steve Jobs the businessman: Can Apple thrive without him?
( TIME )

As Apple fans mourn the unfortunate loss of Steve Jobs, the great
innovator will be remembered most of all for how his ideas changed
people's lives. But in the world of business, he will also be honored
as an absolutely brilliant CEO. Jobs possessed the rare ability to link
emerging technologies with consumer habits and tastes in a way that
built a powerful corporation and an internationally beloved brand.
There aren't that many people in modern corporate history who can claim
that skill. In fact, Jobs was probably unrivaled in the world today in
matching great ideas with savvy marketing and pristine execution. And
that's why there is reason for uncertainty about Apple's future.

The question is: Can Apple keep the Steve Jobs spirit without Steve

There is a long history, of course, of entrepreneurial companies not
only surviving their charismatic founders, but thriving after they
passed on. Ford did just fine after the death of Henry; Disney is still
a force in entertainment long after Walt. Apple will remain a major
player in the world of computing and electronics without Steve. The
firm is simply too established, too much a part of a consumer's life,
to just wither away, even with the exit of a towering figure like Jobs.

But the question remains if Apple can continue to be an industry leader
as it has routinely been under Jobs. Can Apple keep its edge? Apple's
success has always been based on being first, by solving problems
others thought unsolvable, and introducing products that changed how
people worked, played and communicated. It is not easy for any company
to continue to produce innovative hit after innovative hit, even with
its visionary leader still in the corner office. It will be even harder
for Apple with Jobs gone. That isn't to say that current CEO Tim Cook
can't get the job done. But Jobs is just a very hard act to follow.

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ウォール街を占拠せよ! 運動の広がりとメッセージの進化

Occupy Wall Street Protest: As Movement Spreads, a Message Evolves
( TIME )

Lost amid the stories about the number of marchers arrested is the
evolution in the protesters' message, which has begun to cohere around
the theme, "We Are the 99%." "The reason I'm here now is to speak for
the other 99 percent of this country that has been denied a seat at the
negotiating table," protester Henry James Ferry told TIME early in the
movement's second week. "I don't hate capitalism; I don't hate rich
people. I think you should come down to Wall Street and make as much
money as you want. And when you do, you should pay a fair tax rate back
to the city and the country that gave you the opportunity."

Ferry's message is one that resonates with the majority of the
protesters, but because it is a leaderless movement, that message has
yet to translate into pragmatic demands. The Occupy Wall Street
movement has, at times, seemed like a missile without fins, brimming
with potential energy and promise, but with a tendency to veer off in
unexpected directions. But "We are the 99%" appears to encapsulate the
central complaints of income inequality, economic disadvantage and the
overwhelming power they say is controlled by the top 1 percent.

The slogan "We are the 99%" appears to be taking hold, as similar
movements are popping up in Boston, Chicago and Los Angeles. The Los
Angeles Times reports that several hundred people have camped out on
the lawn of the L.A. city hall, and like the New York protesters, they
say they intend to stay. The Boston Globe reports that the Occupy
Boston protesters plan to march during rush hour, which in certain to
snarl traffic in an already congested city. But protesters in Los
Angeles have an enormous advantage over the movements in Boston,
Chicago and Wall Street -- those living outside in L.A. will be spared
the harsh winters of the other three cities. As the weather turns
steadily colder and chilly rains fall throughout October, living in
Zuccotti Park will become increasingly difficult. But if the protesters
can stay into the cold months, it will be a sign that they are
extraordinarily committed to their cause, even if it is one that
remains in evolution.

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