2012年10月05日

宦官は本当に長生きなのか?


Do Eunuchs Really Live Longer?
( TIME )

Talk about a longevity strategy no man wants to pursue. A recent
study published in the journal Current Biology finds that Korean
eunuchs -- castrated men -- lived 14 to 19 years longer than other
men, suggesting that male sex hormones play a role in life span.

In the study, the researchers used a genealogy record called the Yang-
Se-Gye-Bo that tracked eunuchs who worked in the Korean imperial
court during the Chosun Dynasty, which ruled from the 14th to early
20th centuries. Researchers were able to identify 81 eunuchs, who
were castrated as boys, and determined that they lived to an average
age of 70, significantly longer than other men of similar social
status. Even kings didn’t typically make it to age 50.

Three of the 81 eunuchs lived to 100, a centenarian rate that’s far
higher than would be expected in modern society. The current
incidence of centenarians is 1 per 3,500 people in Japan, and 1 per
4,400 people in the United States, for instance; thus, the incidence
of centenarians among Korean eunuchs was at least 130 times higher
than that of present-day developed countries, according to the paper.

“Our study supports the idea that male sex hormones decrease the life
span of men,” the authors write. Based on earlier research, the
authors argue that one explanation for this could be that male sex
hormones may negatively influence the immune system and “predispose
men to adverse cardiovascular attacks.” They note further that the
theory helps explain why females -- in many species -- live longer
than males.


■ Uh-huh... なるへそ特記事項 ■


■ 1段落目

eunuch:宦官

「ユーナック」と発音します。

longevity:長生き、長命

castrate:去勢する


■ 2段落目

genealogy:家系、系図


■ 3段落目

centenarian:百歳(以上)の(人)

incidence:発生(率)


■ 4段落目

predispose:(ある状態に)前もってしむける、(病気に)かかりやすくする

「dispose」は「処置・処分する、(ある傾向を)帯びさせる、その気にさせ
る」。それに「以前に」を表す「pre-」が付いた語です。

Man proposes, God disposes.

(人間が計画し、神が成否を決める。)

ことわざです。韻を踏んでいます。東洋的に言い換えれば、「事を謀るは人に
在り、事を成すには天に在り」「人事を尽くして天命を待つ」。

The chance of promotion disposed him to take on the responsibility.

(成功の見込みは、彼にその責務を受け入れようという気にさせた。)

cardiovascular:心血管の、循環器の

「cardio‐」が「心臓」の意味で、「vascular」が「血管の」です。「血管」
は「(blood)vessel」。


■ さらば日本語ふむふむ読み ■


Do Eunuchs Really Live Longer?
( TIME )


Talk about a longevity strategy

no man wants to pursue.

A recent study

published in the journal Current Biology

finds

that Korean eunuchs --

castrated men --

lived 14 to 19 years longer than other men,

suggesting

that male sex hormones play a role in life span.


In the study,

the researchers used a genealogy record called the Yang-Se-Gye-Bo

that tracked eunuchs

who worked in the Korean imperial court during the Chosun Dynasty,

which ruled from the 14th to early 20th centuries.

Researchers were able to identify 81 eunuchs,

who were castrated as boys,

and determined

that they lived to an average age of 70,

significantly longer than other men of similar social status.

Even kings didn’t typically make it to age 50.


Three of the 81 eunuchs lived to 100,

a centenarian rate

that’s far higher than would be expected in modern society.

The current incidence of centenarians is 1 per 3,500 people in Japan,

and 1 per 4,400 people in the United States,

for instance;

thus,

the incidence of centenarians among Korean eunuchs

was at least 130 times higher

than that of present-day developed countries,

according to the paper.


“Our study supports the idea

that male sex hormones decrease the lifespan of men,”

the authors write.

Based on earlier research,

the authors argue

that one explanation for this

could be

that male sex hormones

may negatively influence the immune system

and “predispose men to adverse cardiovascular attacks.”

They note further

that the theory helps explain

why females --

in many species --

live longer than males.


■ お帰り日本語ふむなる試訳 ■


宦官は本当に長生きなのか?
( TIME )

どんな男性も実行したがらない長寿戦略とはこのことだ。カレント・バイオロ
ジー誌に発表された最近の研究によれば、朝鮮の宦官−−去勢された男性−−
は、他の男性より14年から19年長生きしたのだが、そこには男性ホルモンが関
与しているらしいと言う。

この調査のために、研究者たちは代々の宦官を辿ったヤンセゲボと呼ばれる系
図記録を用いた。彼らがその宮廷で働いた朝鮮王朝は、14世紀から20世紀初頭
までの支配者だった。研究者が特定できた81人の宦官は少年の頃に去勢された
のだが、平均して70歳まで生きたことが分かった。同じような社会的地位にあ
った他の男性よりも著しく長生きだった。王様でさえまず齢50の声を聞くこと
はなかった。

81人の宦官のうち3人が100歳まで生きた。この100歳率は現代社会で期待され
るのよりはるかに高い。現在の100歳の出現率は、例えば日本なら3500人に1人、
米国なら4400人に1人なのだから、朝鮮の宦官における100歳の出現率は今日の
先進諸国より少なくとも130倍大きいと、論文は言う。

「私たちの研究は、男性ホルモンが男性の寿命を縮めているという考え方を裏
付けるものだ」と、執筆者は書く。以前の研究を踏まえて、こう論じる。この
現象を説明するとすれば、男性ホルモンが免疫機構に悪い影響を及ぼし、加え
て「男性に有害な心血管発作を生じさせやすくしているのだろう」。さらに続
けて言う。この仮説により、なぜ女性が−−多くの種において−−男性より長
生きするのか説明がつく。


■ もう一度ふむなるTIMEしよう! ■


Do Eunuchs Really Live Longer?
( TIME )

Talk about a longevity strategy no man wants to pursue. A recent
study published in the journal Current Biology finds that Korean
eunuchs -- castrated men -- lived 14 to 19 years longer than other
men, suggesting that male sex hormones play a role in life span.

In the study, the researchers used a genealogy record called the Yang-
Se-Gye-Bo that tracked eunuchs who worked in the Korean imperial
court during the Chosun Dynasty, which ruled from the 14th to early
20th centuries. Researchers were able to identify 81 eunuchs, who
were castrated as boys, and determined that they lived to an average
age of 70, significantly longer than other men of similar social
status. Even kings didn’t typically make it to age 50.

Three of the 81 eunuchs lived to 100, a centenarian rate that’s far
higher than would be expected in modern society. The current
incidence of centenarians is 1 per 3,500 people in Japan, and 1 per
4,400 people in the United States, for instance; thus, the incidence
of centenarians among Korean eunuchs was at least 130 times higher
than that of present-day developed countries, according to the paper.

“Our study supports the idea that male sex hormones decrease the life
span of men,” the authors write. Based on earlier research, the
authors argue that one explanation for this could be that male sex
hormones may negatively influence the immune system and “predispose
men to adverse cardiovascular attacks.” They note further that the
theory helps explain why females -- in many species -- live longer
than males.


■ もっとふむなるしたい人は、記事の続きも読んでみよう!
 ↓ ↓ ↓
http://ti.me/QRo55B


■ 編集後記 ■


今回の記事はいかがでしたか。記者は最後に書いています。「もちろん、この
研究は宦官になることを勧めているわけではない」。長生きしたかったら、煙
草を吸わない、バランスのとれた食事をする、たっぷりと運動をする・・・そ
れがなかなかできないから読んだのに・・・言うよね〜♪ 

でも最近、ひょんなことからレッグマジックXなるものをタダで手に入れまし
た。深夜の通販番組などで、女性インストラクターがスイスイと脚を左右に滑
らせているマシーンです。簡単にエクササイズができる代物かなと思ったので
すが、見るとやるとでは大違い、これが結構キツイのです。当面は、これで目
指せ100歳!です。


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