2012年10月09日

引っ込んでいてください、部長 子猫の動画で仕事が捗るんです


Back Off, Boss: Cute Kitten Videos May Improve Work Performance
( TIME )

Got caught at work playing Kittenwar or cooing over a puppy cam? No
problem: tell your manager you were only trying to improve your
attention to detail. In a series of experiments, a new study shows
that viewing cute images enhances performance on tasks that require
careful focus and dexterity.

Researchers at Japan’s Hiroshima University found that after people
looked at adorable kitten and puppy pictures -- but not images of
adult cats and dogs -- they significantly increased their accuracy on
an agility task, namely the children’s game Operation. The game
involves using tweezers to extract plastic body parts from tiny
compartments in the game-board patient, without hitting the edges and
triggering a loud buzzer.

To many, cuteness itself seems like a trivial distraction. But
researchers now believe it is an essential emotional trigger, evolved
over eons to help new parents engage in a care-taking task that is
often difficult and always demanding. The reason babies, kittens and
puppies bring us such pleasure -- and millions of hits to thousands
of websites -- is that characteristics associated with infancy cue
our brains to feel warm and caring. And that can change the rest of
our behavior.

The features of cuteness are universal, but not just anything can be
cute: the key characteristics involve disproportionately large heads
and eyes, clumsy behavior and apparent but endearing helplessness. In
short, features shared by young animals.

Japan, of course, is an excellent place to study cuteness. More than
most cultures, the Japanese have elevated cuteness on their cultural
stage: it’s not a coincidence that Hello Kitty and the big-eyed
girls of anime come from Japan. As the study’s authors note, the
etymology of the word for cute in Japanese, kawaii, is telling. The
word’s root originally meant blushing with shame, being unable to
bear to see something pitiful. That shifted to a notion of
unbreakable attachment, of being involuntarily compelled to help and
care, suggesting that cuteness is the drug that addicts parents to
children, a heavy bond hidden in fuzzy cuddliness. And indeed, modern
neuroscience is demonstrating that brain systems first explored for
their roles in addiction actually evolved at least in part to compel
love and caregiving.


■ Uh-huh... なるへそ特記事項 ■


■ 1段落目

back off:後ろに下がる、(発言を)撤回する

kitten:子供の「cat」

「kitty」とも言います。

puppy:子供の「dog」

「pup」とも言います。

enhance:(質・能力などを)高める、増す

「breast enhancement」と言えば「豊胸手術」。

dexterity:器用さ、利口さ、機敏


■ 2段落目

agility:機敏、軽快さ

形容詞が「agile」。

tweezers:ピンセット

「はさみ」の「scissors」や「箸」の「chopsticks」同様、二本足ですから複
数形。

extract:抜き取る、取り出す


■ 3段落目

distraction:気を散らすこと、気を紛らすもの、娯楽

Television is a distraction when you read.

(テレビは読書しているときには気を散らすものだ。)

We need some distraction after work.

(私たちは仕事の後に何らかの気晴らしが必要だ。)

いい意味にも悪い意味にもなるというのが、ちょっと面白いですね。

eon:無限に長い期間、永遠

英会話の「イーオン」でおなじみの「aeon」です。「eon」は米国流の綴りだ
そうです。


■ 4段落目

clumsy:不器用な、下手な、ぎこちない

endear:いとしく思わせる、慕わせる


■ 5段落目

coincidence:同時に起こること、偶然の一致

etymology: 語源研究、語源学

blush:顔を赤らめる、赤面

fuzzy:(布・衣服が)けばのような、綿毛の、(もの・考え方など)曖昧な

cuddliness:抱きしめたくなること、とてもかわいいこと

フツーの辞書には載っていませんでした。「cuddle」が「抱き締める、ぴった
り寄り添う」。形容詞は「cuddly」。小さくてコロコロした子猫や子犬は抱き
しめたくなりますよね?

caregiving:介護

訳文では、「care」は「注意」に統一しました。


■ さらば日本語ふむふむ読み ■


Back Off, Boss: Cute Kitten Videos May Improve Work Performance
( TIME )


Got caught at work

playing Kittenwar or cooing over a puppy cam?

No problem:

tell your manager

you were only trying to improve your attention to detail.

In a series of experiments,

a new study shows

that viewing cute images enhances performance on tasks

that require careful focus and dexterity.


Researchers at Japan’s Hiroshima University

found

that after people looked at adorable kitten and puppy pictures --

but not images of adult cats and dogs --

they significantly increased their accuracy on an agility task,

namely the children’s game Operation.

The game involves using tweezers

to extract plastic body parts

from tiny compartments in the game-board patient,

without hitting the edges and triggering a loud buzzer.


To many,

cuteness itself seems like a trivial distraction.

But researchers now believe

it is an essential emotional trigger,

evolved over eons

to help new parents engage in a care-taking task

that is often difficult and always demanding.

The reason

babies, kittens and puppies bring us such pleasure --

and millions of hits to thousands of websites --

is

that characteristics associated with infancy

cue our brains to feel warm and caring.

And that can change the rest of our behavior.


The features of cuteness are universal,

but not just anything can be cute:

the key characteristics involve

disproportionately large heads and eyes,

clumsy behavior

and apparent but endearing helplessness.

In short,

features shared by young animals.


Japan, of course, is an excellent place to study cuteness.

More than most cultures,

the Japanese have elevated cuteness on their cultural stage:

it’s not a coincidence

that Hello Kitty and the big-eyed girls of anime come from Japan.

As the study’s authors note,

the etymology of the word for cute in Japanese,

kawaii,

is telling.

The word’s root originally meant blushing with shame,

being unable to bear to see something pitiful.

That shifted to a notion of unbreakable attachment,

of being involuntarily compelled to help and care,

suggesting

that cuteness is the drug

that addicts parents to children,

a heavy bond hidden in fuzzy cuddliness.

And indeed,

modern neuroscience is demonstrating


that brain systems

first explored for their roles in addiction

actually evolved at least in part to compel love and caregiving.


■ お帰り日本語ふむなる試訳 ■


引っ込んでいてください、部長 子猫の動画で仕事が捗るんです
( TIME )

仕事中にキトゥンウォーをやっていた、あるいはパピーカムで甘い声を上げて
いたところを見つかった?でも、大丈夫。部長にこう言えばいいからだ。もっ
と細かい目配りができるようにと努力していただけです。一連の実験を経た新
たな研究によると、キュートな映像を見ると、注意力の集中と器用さが求めら
れる課題の成績が良くなるという。

日本の広島大学の研究者たちが発見した。前もって愛らしい子猫や子犬の写真
−−大人の猫や犬の映像ではなく−−を見た人たちは、敏捷性課題、具体的に
は子供用ゲームのオペレーションでの正確さが著しく増した。そのゲームはピ
ンセットを使って、ゲーム盤の患者の小さい各所からプラスチック製の臓器を
摘出するというもので、周囲に触れると激しいブザー音が鳴ってしまう。

多くの人にとって、キュートさそのものは取るに足らない眼福のようなものだ。
だが、研究者たちは今ではこう信じている。それは太古の昔から発達した欠く
べからざる感情の引き金であり、このおかげで新しい親たちはたいていは難し
く、そして決まって辛い、注意を要する課題に従事することができる。赤ん坊
や子猫や子犬が私たちにこうした喜びをもたらしてくれる−−そして数千もの
ウェブサイトに数百万ものアクセスがある−−のは、幼年期に備わった特徴が
私たちの脳に暖かさと注意を感ぜよと合図を送ってくれるからだ。そして、そ
れが私たちのその他の行動を変えるようだ。

キュートさの外観は万国共通だが、どこにでもあるようなものがキュートたり
える訳ではない。鍵となる特徴は、不釣り合いなほど大きい頭と目、ぎこちな
い行動、そして見る限りでは放っておけない無力さだ。要するに、動物の子供
に共通する外観。

日本はもちろん、キュートさを研究する格好の場所だ。文化という文化を押し
のけて、日本人はキュートさを自らの文化の舞台に上げた。だから、偶然でも
何でもなく、ハロー・キティや大きな目をしたアニメの少女は日本からやって
来た。研究の執筆者が指摘するように、日本語でキュートに当たる「カワイ
イ」という言葉の語源が多くを語っている。元来、この言葉の根源的な意味は
恥ずかしさで顔を赤らめる、気の毒な様子を見ていられないだった。それが断
ち切れない愛着、どうしても救いや注意の手を差し伸べすにはいられないとい
う概念に変わった。言わば、キュートさとは親を子供中毒にさせる薬物、綿毛
状のころころしたものが秘める太い紐帯だ。そして実際に、現代の神経科学が
明らかにしているように、中毒においてのその役割を調べたところ、脳システ
ムは現実に、少なくとも部分的には愛情と注意を差し伸べずにはおかないよう
に進化していた。


■ もう一度ふむなるTIMEしよう! ■


Back Off, Boss: Cute Kitten Videos May Improve Work Performance
( TIME )

Got caught at work playing Kittenwar or cooing over a puppy cam? No
problem: tell your manager you were only trying to improve your
attention to detail. In a series of experiments, a new study shows
that viewing cute images enhances performance on tasks that require
careful focus and dexterity.

Researchers at Japan’s Hiroshima University found that after people
looked at adorable kitten and puppy pictures -- but not images of
adult cats and dogs -- they significantly increased their accuracy on
an agility task, namely the children’s game Operation. The game
involves using tweezers to extract plastic body parts from tiny
compartments in the game-board patient, without hitting the edges and
triggering a loud buzzer.

To many, cuteness itself seems like a trivial distraction. But
researchers now believe it is an essential emotional trigger, evolved
over eons to help new parents engage in a care-taking task that is
often difficult and always demanding. The reason babies, kittens and
puppies bring us such pleasure -- and millions of hits to thousands
of websites -- is that characteristics associated with infancy cue
our brains to feel warm and caring. And that can change the rest of
our behavior.

The features of cuteness are universal, but not just anything can be
cute: the key characteristics involve disproportionately large heads
and eyes, clumsy behavior and apparent but endearing helplessness. In
short, features shared by young animals.

Japan, of course, is an excellent place to study cuteness. More than
most cultures, the Japanese have elevated cuteness on their cultural
stage: it’s not a coincidence that Hello Kitty and the big-eyed
girls of anime come from Japan. As the study’s authors note, the
etymology of the word for cute in Japanese, kawaii, is telling. The
word’s root originally meant blushing with shame, being unable to
bear to see something pitiful. That shifted to a notion of
unbreakable attachment, of being involuntarily compelled to help and
care, suggesting that cuteness is the drug that addicts parents to
children, a heavy bond hidden in fuzzy cuddliness. And indeed, modern
neuroscience is demonstrating that brain systems first explored for
their roles in addiction actually evolved at least in part to compel
love and caregiving.


■ もっとふむなるしたい人は、記事の続きも読んでみよう!
 ↓ ↓ ↓
http://ti.me/WLGMLX


■ 編集後記 ■


今回の記事はいかがでしたか。本文の冒頭にリンクが貼られたキトゥンウォー
やパピーカムに夢中になってしまい、配信が1日遅れました^^;ボス、訳文
にその成果は現れていませんか?

わが家の小さい室内犬は目下のところ、お尻にうんちが付いています。寄る年
波のせいなのですが、とてもカドリーな気持ちは湧いてきません。取ろうとす
ると烈火のごとく怒ります。動物はカワイイ〜♪だけでは飼えません。


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