2012年10月23日

政権移譲に備える中国で、毛主席の調子はどうなのか?


As China Readies for Leadership Handover, How is Chairman Mao Faring?
( TIME )

Poor Chairman Mao. China is still ruled by the Communist Party, which
will undergo a once-a-decade changing of the guard next month. But
the founder of the People’s Republic, who normally enjoys public
celebration in state media before major political events in the
People’s Republic, may be somewhat diminished on the eve of the Nov.
8 Party Congress during which President Hu Jintao is expected to
begin handing over power to Vice President Xi Jinping.

In the Oct. 16 issue of Seeking Truth (求是 or Qiushi), the Chinese
Communist Party’s flagship magazine, an article appeared entitled
Sparing No Effort to Push Forward Reform and Opening Up. Like many
articles about the Communist Party in Seeking Truth, the editorial
was notable for its comically authoritative language, with gems like:
“Its direction and path are absolutely correct, and its
effectiveness and contributions cannot be denied. Any standstill or
regression will find no way out.” Given that this is the last issue
of the journal to be released before the Party Congress, the contents
of the piece were dissected for ulterior meanings. One curiosity was
quickly noticed: Where was the Great Helmsman?

“We should adjust ourselves to the recent domestic and overseas
changes, satisfy the expectations of the masses, strengthen our
confidence, uphold the guidance of Deng Xiaoping Theory and Three
Represents, implement the scientific development outlook, further
deepen our understanding of the regular patterns of socialism, the
rule of the Communist Party and human society’s development.”

Maoism enjoyed a comeback in China over the past couple years, as the
booming economy spurred by the country’s capitalist embrace has been
accompanied by less welcome trends like income inequality and
corruption. A renewed commitment to socialist thought was supposed to
bring about a more equal society, according to these neo-Maoists. But
the political downfall earlier this year of its star proponent,
former Chongqing Party Secretary Bo Xilai, has blunted brand Mao.
Among Bo’s many alleged misdeeds are graft and violating Party
discipline -- precisely the kind of ills a renewed Socialist ideology
were supposed to combat.

Yet more than half of 3,177 Chinese surveyed earlier this year said
they like American ideas about democracy, according to a poll by Pew
Research Center released on Oct. 16. Another interesting tidbit from
the Pew survey: half the respondents considered corrupt officials a
major social problem, up from 39% four years before. Mao was supposed
to cleanse the country of graft. But reality proved otherwise, as the
Bo case most recently shows. Xi and the new Chinese leadership will
have to figure out how to purge the government of this scourge and
still keep its grip on power, with or without state-media adulation
of the Chairman.


■ Uh-huh... なるへそ特記事項 ■


■ 1段落目

enjoy:楽しむ、楽しく経験する、恵まれている

diminish:(数量・力・重要性などを)減らす、少なくする


■ 2段落目

flagship:旗艦、(同じ種類の中で)最高のもの

regression:後戻り、後退

dissect:切り裂く、解剖する

ulterior:隠された、秘めた

helmsman:舵取り、操舵手

「helm」が船の「舵、支配権」です。

「偉大的舵手」の毛主席については、ウィキペディア(日本語)でどうぞ。英
語で読みたいという方は、左サイドバーのEnglishをクリック。

http://bit.ly/Vll4Mf


■ 3段落目

「ケ小平理論」や「3つの代表」についても。

http://bit.ly/TuVKrv

http://bit.ly/PNPeeh


■ 4段落目

embrace:抱擁する、心に抱く

proponent:提案者、主唱者

blunt:鈍らせる、(刃先など)鈍い、無遠慮な、無愛想な

graft:汚職、収賄


■ 5段落目

本文の結びのパラグラフです。

tidbit:(うまい物などの)ひと口、おもしろいニュースの一片

purge:粛清する、(汚れ・罪などを)清め落とす

He closed his eyes and lay still, trying to purge his mind of anxiety.

(彼は目を閉じて静かに横たわり、心から不安を清め落とそうとした。)

「red purge」(レッド・パージ)なんて言葉はご存知かしら。

scourge:(人間をこらしめる)天罰、災難、悩み(の種)、むち

adulation:追従、お世辞


■ さらば日本語ふむふむ読み ■


As China Readies for Leadership Handover, How is Chairman Mao Faring?
( TIME )


Poor Chairman Mao.

China is still ruled by the Communist Party,

which will undergo a once-a-decade changing of the guard next month.

But the founder of the People’s Republic,

who normally enjoys public celebration in state media

before major political events in the People’s Republic,

may be somewhat diminished on the eve of the Nov. 8 Party Congress

during which President Hu Jintao is expected

to begin handing over power to Vice President Xi Jinping.


In the Oct. 16 issue of Seeking Truth (求是 or Qiushi),

the Chinese Communist Party’s flagship magazine,

an article appeared

entitled Sparing No Effort to Push Forward Reform and Opening Up.

Like many articles about the Communist Party in Seeking Truth,

the editorial was notable for its comically authoritative language,

with gems like:

“Its direction and path are absolutely correct,

and its effectiveness and contributions cannot be denied.

Any standstill or regression will find no way out.”

Given that this is the last issue of the journal

to be released before the Party Congress,

the contents of the piece were dissected for ulterior meanings.

One curiosity was quickly noticed:

Where was the Great Helmsman?


“We should adjust ourselves

to the recent domestic and overseas changes,

satisfy the expectations of the masses,

strengthen our confidence,

uphold the guidance of Deng Xiaoping Theory and Three Represents,

implement the scientific development outlook,

further deepen our understanding

of the regular patterns of socialism,

the rule of the Communist Party and human society’s development.”


Maoism enjoyed a comeback in China over the past couple years,

as the booming economy

spurred by the country’s capitalist embrace

has been accompanied by less welcome trends

like income inequality and corruption.

A renewed commitment to socialist thought

was supposed to bring about a more equal society,

according to these neo-Maoists.

But the political downfall earlier this year

of its star proponent,

former Chongqing Party Secretary Bo Xilai,

has blunted brand Mao.

Among Bo’s many alleged misdeeds

are graft and violating Party discipline --

precisely the kind of ills

a renewed Socialist ideology were supposed to combat.


Yet

more than half of 3,177 Chinese surveyed earlier this year

said

they like American ideas about democracy,

according to a poll by Pew Research Center released on Oct. 16.

Another interesting tidbit from the Pew survey:

half the respondents considered corrupt officials a major social
problem,

up from 39% four years before.

Mao was supposed to cleanse the country of graft.

But reality proved otherwise,

as the Bo case most recently shows.

Xi and the new Chinese leadership will have to figure out

how to purge the government of this scourge

and still keep its grip on power,

with or without state-media adulation of the Chairman.


■ お帰り日本語ふむなる試訳 ■


政権移譲に備える中国で、毛主席の調子はどうなのか?
( TIME )

気の毒な毛主席。中国をなおも統治するのは共産党であり、来月には10年に1
度の番人の交代がある。だが人民共和国の創立者は、いつもなら人民共和国の
一大政治行事を前に国営メディアによる公的な賛美を受けるのだが、11月8日
の党大会の前夜にいくらか影が薄いようだ。その大会中には、胡錦濤国家主席
が習近平国家副主席に権力の移譲を始めると見られている。

中国共産党の機関誌である「シーキング・トゥルース」(求是またはQiushi)
10月16日号に、1つの記事が載った。題名は「改革開放を推し進めるための努
力を惜しむな」。シーキング・トゥルースにおける共産党についての多くの記
事と同じく、その社説は滑稽なほど権威的な文体で名高い。例えば、こんな珠
玉の言葉が散りばめられる。「その方向と道は絶対に正しく、その有効性と貢
献は否定できない。いかなる停滞と後退も出口にはならない」。これが党大会
の前に発表された機関誌の最新号であることを踏まえて、その論説の内容に隠
された意図を求めて分析した。好奇心を誘われるものにすぐに気がついた。す
なわち、偉大なる舵取りはどこに行ったのか。

「我々は最近の国内外の変化に対応し、大衆の期待を満たし、自信を深め、ケ
小平理論と3つの代表思想の導きを守り、科学的発展の姿を整え、社会主義の
規則正しい様式と共産党の統治と人間社会の発展への理解をさらに深めなけれ
ばならない」

毛沢東主義はこの数年間に中国で復帰を果たした。同国の資本主義の信奉が拍
車をかけた経済的活況に伴って、所得の不平等や汚職といった歓迎すべからざ
る風潮が現れたからだ。新たに社会主義思想に深く関わることでもっと平等な
社会が実現するはずだったと、新毛沢東主義者は言った。だが花形提唱者だっ
た元重慶党書記の薄熙来の政治的失墜によって、毛のブランドが色褪せた。薄
の過ちとされる数多くの所業の中には、収賄や党規律の違反がある。その種の
病弊こそ、新たな社会主義イデオロギーが戦うはずのものだった。

だが、今年初めに調査対象に選ばれた中国人3177人のうちの半数以上が民主主
義についての米国の考えが好きだと述べたという、ピュー・リサーチ・セン
ターによる世論調査の結果が10月16日に発表された。ピュー・リサーチの調査
にはもう1つ小味のきいた結果がある。半数の回答者が汚職役人を一番の社会
問題だと考えていたことで、4年前の39パーセントから上昇した。毛は収賄の
国土を清めるはずだった。だが、そうは問屋が卸さなかった。薄の事件がごく
最近示した通りだ。習と新しい中国指導部は政治からこの病根を取り除く方法
を考え出し、なおも権力の座を保っていかなければならない。国営メディアに
よる主席への追従のあるなしに関わらず。


■ もう一度ふむなるTIMEしよう! ■


As China Readies for Leadership Handover, How is Chairman Mao Faring?
( TIME )

Poor Chairman Mao. China is still ruled by the Communist Party, which
will undergo a once-a-decade changing of the guard next month. But
the founder of the People’s Republic, who normally enjoys public
celebration in state media before major political events in the
People’s Republic, may be somewhat diminished on the eve of the Nov.
8 Party Congress during which President Hu Jintao is expected to
begin handing over power to Vice President Xi Jinping.

In the Oct. 16 issue of Seeking Truth (求是 or Qiushi), the Chinese
Communist Party’s flagship magazine, an article appeared entitled
Sparing No Effort to Push Forward Reform and Opening Up. Like many
articles about the Communist Party in Seeking Truth, the editorial
was notable for its comically authoritative language, with gems like:
“Its direction and path are absolutely correct, and its
effectiveness and contributions cannot be denied. Any standstill or
regression will find no way out.” Given that this is the last issue
of the journal to be released before the Party Congress, the contents
of the piece were dissected for ulterior meanings. One curiosity was
quickly noticed: Where was the Great Helmsman?

“We should adjust ourselves to the recent domestic and overseas
changes, satisfy the expectations of the masses, strengthen our
confidence, uphold the guidance of Deng Xiaoping Theory and Three
Represents, implement the scientific development outlook, further
deepen our understanding of the regular patterns of socialism, the
rule of the Communist Party and human society’s development.”

Maoism enjoyed a comeback in China over the past couple years, as the
booming economy spurred by the country’s capitalist embrace has been
accompanied by less welcome trends like income inequality and
corruption. A renewed commitment to socialist thought was supposed to
bring about a more equal society, according to these neo-Maoists. But
the political downfall earlier this year of its star proponent,
former Chongqing Party Secretary Bo Xilai, has blunted brand Mao.
Among Bo’s many alleged misdeeds are graft and violating Party
discipline -- precisely the kind of ills a renewed Socialist ideology
were supposed to combat.

Yet more than half of 3,177 Chinese surveyed earlier this year said
they like American ideas about democracy, according to a poll by Pew
Research Center released on Oct. 16. Another interesting tidbit from
the Pew survey: half the respondents considered corrupt officials a
major social problem, up from 39% four years before. Mao was supposed
to cleanse the country of graft. But reality proved otherwise, as the
Bo case most recently shows. Xi and the new Chinese leadership will
have to figure out how to purge the government of this scourge and
still keep its grip on power, with or without state-media adulation
of the Chairman.


■ もっとふむなるしたい人は、記事の続きも読んでみよう!
 ↓ ↓ ↓
http://ti.me/WZsDM4


■ 編集後記 ■


貯金40以上の大差でレギュラーシーズン優勝。でも、CSでコロリと負けて、例
の爺さんが「CSなんか即刻廃止せよ!」とか言い出すような、そんな楽しい一
幕を期待していたのですが、残念。最後の砦、日ハムに頑張ってもらいましょ
う。


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