2012年12月18日

サンディー・フック銃撃事件 ランザはなぜ学校を狙ったのか


Sandy Hook Shooting: Why Did Lanza Target a School?
( TIME )

The killing of 26 people, including 20 children, at Sandy Hook
Elementary in Connecticut has understandably shocked the nation, and
details are just beginning to emerge about the shooter, Adam Lanza, a
20-year-old man who also murdered his mother. Events like these
inevitably reopen debates about gun control, or more tenuously lead
people to complain about American culture itself. Yet on the very
same day, a 36-year-old Chinese man attacked 22 children with a knife
at a primary school in China, suggesting that there is a critical
factor with mass homicides that gets far less attention.

For all the disbelief and dismay, we actually know pretty well that
most such events are committed by individuals with a particular set
of characteristics. As my colleagues Mark Coulson, Jane Barnett and I
noted in a 2011 article in the Journal of Police Crisis Negotiations,
school shooters have generally been found to 1) have a history of
antisocial-personality traits, 2) suffer from mental illnesses such
as depression or psychosis and 3) tend to obsess about how others,
whether other individuals or society at large, have wronged them.
(These conclusions are similar to the findings of a 2002 U.S. Secret
Service report on school shootings.) These individuals seethe with
rage and hatred and despondency, until they decide to lash out at
individuals or a society they believe has done them great wrong.
Mental health, as well as our failure to address it as a society, is
at the core of these events.

Not all mass homicide perpetrators target schools, but schools do
seem to be an unusually common target. People wonder why angry men
(and an occasional woman) so often target innocent children who have
done them no wrong. In the case of Sandy Hook, although early reports
suggested that Lanza’s mother, Nancy Lanza, may have worked there,
the school superintendent has since clarified that she was not a
teacher or a substitute. In many other cases, there is no obvious
connection. Watching the horror and great sadness that has descended
over the nation in the past 24 hours, we have our answer. These
perpetrators have lashed out against society in the most vicious way
possible, inflicting the most pain that they could. That is the point
of targeting a school.


In the Shadow of Sandy Hook, a Powerful Pro-Gun Organization Keeps
Silent
( TIME )

As one of early America’s industrial centers, Connecticut was a
hotbed of weapons manufacturing -- so much so that it was referred to
in the 19th century as the “Arsenal of America.” In 1851, Samuel
Colt, inventor of the revolver, built a factory on a parcel of land
on the banks of the Connecticut River near Hartford. The legendary
saying attached to Colt was “Abe Lincoln may have freed all men, but
Sam Colt made them equal.”


■ Uh-huh... なるへそ特記事項 ■


■ 1段落目

tenuously:希薄に、薄弱に


■ 2段落目

trait:特性、特徴

wrong:(道徳的に)悪くて、間違った、(人を)不当に取り扱う

seethe:煮え立つ、沸騰する

despondency:落胆、意気消沈.

lash:むち、むち打ち

「lash out」で「激しく打つ、襲いかかる」。


■ 3段落目

perpetrator:悪事を行なう人、加害者

descend:(高い所から)下る、降りる、襲う


■ 4段落目

hotbed:温床、(活動の)集中するところ

arsenal:兵器庫

parcel: 包み、小包み、(土地の)一区画


■ さらば日本語ふむふむ読み ■


Sandy Hook Shooting: Why Did Lanza Target a School?
( TIME )


The killing of 26 people,

including 20 children,

at Sandy Hook Elementary in Connecticut

has understandably shocked the nation,

and details are just beginning to emerge

about the shooter,

Adam Lanza, a 20-year-old man

who also murdered his mother.

Events like these inevitably reopen debates about gun control,

or more tenuously lead people to complain about American culture
itself.

Yet on the very same day,

a 36-year-old Chinese man attacked 22 children with a knife

at a primary school in China,

suggesting

that there is a critical factor with mass homicides

that gets far less attention.


For all the disbelief and dismay,

we actually know pretty well

that most such events are committed

by individuals with a particular set of characteristics.

As my colleagues Mark Coulson, Jane Barnett and I noted

in a 2011 article in the Journal of Police Crisis Negotiations,

school shooters have generally been found

to 1) have a history of antisocial-personality traits,

2) suffer from mental illnesses such as depression or psychosis

and 3) tend to obsess about how others,

whether other individuals or society at large,

have wronged them.

(These conclusions are similar to the findings

of a 2002 U.S. Secret Service report on school shootings.)

These individuals seethe with rage and hatred and despondency,

until they decide to lash out at individuals or a society

they believe has done them great wrong.

Mental health,

as well as our failure to address it as a society,

is at the core of these events.


Not all mass homicide perpetrators target schools,

but schools do seem to be an unusually common target.

People wonder

why angry men

(and an occasional woman)

so often target innocent children

who have done them no wrong.

In the case of Sandy Hook,

although early reports suggested

that Lanza’s mother, Nancy Lanza, may have worked there,

the school superintendent has since clarified

that she was not a teacher or a substitute.

In many other cases, there is no obvious connection.

Watching the horror and great sadness

that has descended over the nation in the past 24 hours,

we have our answer.

These perpetrators have lashed out against society

in the most vicious way possible,

inflicting the most pain that they could.

That is the point of targeting a school.


In the Shadow of Sandy Hook, a Powerful Pro-Gun Organization Keeps
Silent
( TIME )


As one of early America’s industrial centers,

Connecticut was a hotbed of weapons manufacturing --

so much

so that it was referred to in the 19th century

as the “Arsenal of America.”

In 1851,

Samuel Colt,

inventor of the revolver,

built a factory

on a parcel of land on the banks of the Connecticut River

near Hartford.

The legendary saying attached to Colt was

“Abe Lincoln may have freed all men,

but Sam Colt made them equal.”


■ お帰り日本語ふむなる試訳 ■


サンディー・フック銃撃事件 ランザはなぜ学校を狙ったのか
( TIME )

コネチカット州のサンディー・フック小学校の児童20人を含む26人が殺害され
た事件は言うまでもなく国民に衝撃を与えているのだが、詳細も明らかになり
始めている。銃撃者はアダム・ランザという20歳の男で、母親も殺していた。
こうした事件によって銃規制の議論の再開は避けられず、さもなければ人々は
ぼんやりと米国文化そのものへの不満を抱くことになる。だがちょうど同じ日
に、36歳の中国人の男が中国の小学校でナイフで22人の児童を襲った。つまり、
大量殺人には決定的な要因があるのだが、その点にあまりにも注意が払われて
こなかったのではないか。

とても信じられずひどく慌てふためくものの、私たちは実はよく知っている。
こうした事件はたいていある一定の特質を持った個人が引き起こす。2011年の
ジャーナル・オブ・ポリス・クライシス・ネゴシエイションズ誌の記事に同僚
のマーク・クールソンやジェーン・バーネットと私が書いたように、学校銃撃
者は通常(1)反社会的性格特性の経歴がある、(2)鬱病や精神病などの精神
疾患にかかっている、(3)他の個人や世間一般を問わず他者に不当に扱われ
ていると思い込んでいる傾向があることが分かっている。(この結論は、学校
銃撃事件についての2002年の米シークレット・サービスの報告での発見と同じ
だ)。こうした個人は激しい怒りや憎しみや悲観をふつふつとたぎらせて、や
がては意を決して自分に不当な仕打ちを与えたと信じる個人や社会に牙をむく。
精神医療だけでなく、社会がこれにしっかり取り組んでこなかったことが、こ
うした事件の核心にある。

すべての大量殺人犯が学校を狙うわけではないが、学校は並外れて多く狙われ
ている感がある。人々は首を傾げる。なぜ男たちの(そして時に女たちの)怒
りは無垢な児童にこれほど頻繁に向けられるのか、彼らは不当な仕打ちなどし
ていないではないか。サンディー・フックの場合には、初期の報道がランザの
母親のナンシー・ランザは当地で働いていたようだと伝えたが、学校教育長が
その後、教師でも代行でもなかったと明言している。その他の多くの場合では、
明白なつながりはない。この24時間、国民の上に降りかかった恐怖と深い悲し
みを見てきた私たちには答えがある。こうした犯人はできるかぎり邪悪な方法
で社会に牙をむき、あとうかぎりの痛みを与えようとしてきた。それが学校を
狙うことの急所なのだ。


サンディー・フックのそばで、有力な銃支持組織が沈黙を守る
( TIME )

昔の米国の工業中心地の1つだったコネティカットは、せっせと武器を製造し
ていた−−19世紀には米国の武器庫と呼ばれるほどだった。1851年、リボル
バーの発明者であるサミュエル・コルトはハートフォード近郊コネチカット川
岸の一筆の土地に工場を建てた。コルトにまつわる伝説的な言葉は言った。
「エイブ・リンカーンはすべての人間を自由にしたかもしれないが、サム・コ
ルトは彼らに平等を与えた」


■ もう一度ふむなるTIMEしよう! ■


Sandy Hook Shooting: Why Did Lanza Target a School?
( TIME )

The killing of 26 people, including 20 children, at Sandy Hook
Elementary in Connecticut has understandably shocked the nation, and
details are just beginning to emerge about the shooter, Adam Lanza, a
20-year-old man who also murdered his mother. Events like these
inevitably reopen debates about gun control, or more tenuously lead
people to complain about American culture itself. Yet on the very
same day, a 36-year-old Chinese man attacked 22 children with a knife
at a primary school in China, suggesting that there is a critical
factor with mass homicides that gets far less attention.

For all the disbelief and dismay, we actually know pretty well that
most such events are committed by individuals with a particular set
of characteristics. As my colleagues Mark Coulson, Jane Barnett and I
noted in a 2011 article in the Journal of Police Crisis Negotiations,
school shooters have generally been found to 1) have a history of
antisocial-personality traits, 2) suffer from mental illnesses such
as depression or psychosis and 3) tend to obsess about how others,
whether other individuals or society at large, have wronged them.
(These conclusions are similar to the findings of a 2002 U.S. Secret
Service report on school shootings.) These individuals seethe with
rage and hatred and despondency, until they decide to lash out at
individuals or a society they believe has done them great wrong.
Mental health, as well as our failure to address it as a society, is
at the core of these events.

Not all mass homicide perpetrators target schools, but schools do
seem to be an unusually common target. People wonder why angry men
(and an occasional woman) so often target innocent children who have
done them no wrong. In the case of Sandy Hook, although early reports
suggested that Lanza’s mother, Nancy Lanza, may have worked there,
the school superintendent has since clarified that she was not a
teacher or a substitute. In many other cases, there is no obvious
connection. Watching the horror and great sadness that has descended
over the nation in the past 24 hours, we have our answer. These
perpetrators have lashed out against society in the most vicious way
possible, inflicting the most pain that they could. That is the point
of targeting a school.


In the Shadow of Sandy Hook, a Powerful Pro-Gun Organization Keeps
Silent
( TIME )

As one of early America’s industrial centers, Connecticut was a
hotbed of weapons manufacturing -- so much so that it was referred to
in the 19th century as the “Arsenal of America.” In 1851, Samuel
Colt, inventor of the revolver, built a factory on a parcel of land
on the banks of the Connecticut River near Hartford. The legendary
saying attached to Colt was “Abe Lincoln may have freed all men, but
Sam Colt made them equal.”


■ もっとふむなるしたい人は、記事の続きも読んでみよう!
 ↓ ↓ ↓
http://ti.me/Tq0XOj

http://ti.me/TVERBL


■ おすすめメルマガ紹介 ■


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〜お金をもらいながら英語も上達〜

http://www.net-business-eigo.com/

英語上達には『集中』し『繰り返し』継続する『環境』が重要!
と英語指導者はこの3点を力説しますね♪

この3点をあなたも輸入ビジネスを通して“実践”してみませんか?

ネット輸入ビジネスであなたも『収入アップ』と『英語上達』
両業界の常識を覆す“有りそうで無かった”
ネット輸入ビジネス実践英語塾のノウハウを学びませんか?

“ネット輸入ビジネス”と“英語”を組み合わせると
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■ 編集後記 ■


銃に罪はない。悪いのは人間だ・・・。西部劇でおなじみのコルト拳銃は、往
時「Equalizer」や「Peacemaker」などと呼ばれました。つまり「人を同等に
するもの」、「平和を作るもの」。いかにも米国の歴史を刻んだ通称です。で
もそれが現在、罪のない子供たちの命を奪う凶器と化している。米国の銃文化
は業が深い。涙を流したオバマ大統領は、果たして「聖地」に踏み込めるのか。


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