2013年01月16日

中国の一人っ子政策 「小皇帝」の呪い


China’s One-Child Policy: Curse of the ‘Little Emperors’
( TIME )

China is a colossal country and, as befits such a global powerhouse,
it has made some colossal mistakes. Take its infamous one-child
policy, implemented in 1979 and condemned from that day forward. A
new study released in Science makes it clear just how misguided the
idea was.

Initially, the policy seemed to make a cold kind of sense: the
country’s population growth was out of control, leaping nearly 75%
from 1949 to 1976; its per capita income was about 300 yuan, or just
over $48, and families with multiple children had nowhere near enough
money to raise them well. Why not just clamp down on all the
prodigious baby making and solve both problems at once?

Thirty-four years later, the planners can claim a crude victory.
China’s economy has boomed, and its 1.34 billion population is
estimated to be about 15% smaller than it would have been otherwise.
But that means that 250 million Chinese babies who would have been
born never were. Until 2004, when the practice of sex-selective
abortion was banned, millions of girls were aborted to satisfy
China’s traditional preference for boys; and as a result of that
gender bias, there are 32 million more marriage-age men in the
country than there are women, according to the British Medical Journal.

Lost in all those troubling numbers is what’s become of the
singletons themselves. Just 27% of those born in China in 1975 were
only children; in 1983, it was 91%. When you’re your parents’ one
shot at a genetic legacy, you may get to attend all the best schools,
wear all the best clothes and eat all the best foods -- at least
relative to children in multiple-sibling households. But you also
wind up with an overweening sense of your own importance. For years
now, Chinese parents and teachers have lamented what’s known as the
xiao huangdi -- or little emperor -- phenomenon, a generation of
pampered and entitled children who believe they sit at the center of
the social universe because that’s exactly how they’ve been treated.


■ Uh-huh... なるへそ特記事項 ■


■ 1段落目

colossal:巨大な、壮大な

befit:(〜に)適する、似合う

condemn:非難する、有罪の判決を下す、運命づける


■ 2段落目

per capita:一人当たり(の)、頭割りで

clamp down:弾圧する、取り締まる

prodigious:巨大な、驚異的な

名詞の「prodigy」は「神童」。


■ 3段落目

crude:天然のままの、加工してない、生硬な、粗野な

「crude oil」は「原油」。「crude truth」なら「ありのままの真実」。

otherwise: さもなければ、別な方法で、ほかの状態で


■ 4段落目

become of 〜:(what、whateverを主語にして)〜がどうなるか

singleton:(トランプ)1枚札、(双生児に対して)単生児

one shot:1回限りの、単発の(記事・番組)

「shot」は「発射、発砲、(スポーツの)シュート、ショット」。転じて「試
み、企て」。

Give it a shot.

(試しにやってごらんよ。)

ちなみに、この文の「you」は「読者のあなただってこういう境遇ならきっと
こうなるでしょう」という含みのある「一般の人々」。

overweening:自負心の強い、傲慢な

lament:嘆き悲しむ、悔やむ

pamper:甘やかす、好きなようにさせる


■ さらば日本語ふむふむ読み ■


China’s One-Child Policy: Curse of the ‘Little Emperors’
( TIME )


China is a colossal country

and, as befits such a global powerhouse,

it has made some colossal mistakes.

Take its infamous one-child policy,

implemented in 1979 and condemned from that day forward.

A new study released in Science makes it clear

just how misguided the idea was.


Initially,

the policy seemed to make a cold kind of sense:

the country’s population growth was out of control,

leaping nearly 75% from 1949 to 1976;

its per capita income was about 300 yuan,

or just over $48,

and families with multiple children

had nowhere near enough money to raise them well.

Why not just clamp down on all the prodigious baby making

and solve both problems at once?


Thirty-four years later,

the planners can claim a crude victory.

China’s economy has boomed,

and its 1.34 billion population is estimated to be about 15% smaller

than it would have been otherwise.

But that means

that 250 million Chinese babies

who would have been born

never were.

Until 2004,

when the practice of sex-selective abortion was banned,

millions of girls were aborted

to satisfy China’s traditional preference for boys;

and as a result of that gender bias,

there are 32 million more marriage-age men in the country

than there are women,

according to the British Medical Journal.


Lost in all those troubling numbers is

what’s become of the singletons themselves.

Just 27% of those born in China in 1975 were only children;

in 1983, it was 91%.

When you’re your parents’ one shot at a genetic legacy,

you may get to attend all the best schools,

wear all the best clothes

and eat all the best foods --

at least relative to children in multiple-sibling households.

But you also wind up with an overweening sense of your own importance.

For years now,

Chinese parents and teachers have lamented

what’s known as the xiao huangdi -- or little emperor -- phenomenon,

a generation of pampered and entitled children

who believe

they sit at the center of the social universe

because that’s exactly how they’ve been treated.


■ お帰り日本語ふむなる試訳 ■


中国の一人っ子政策 「小皇帝」の呪い
( TIME )

中国は巨大な国であり、その世界的な活力に見合うかのようにいくつかの巨大
な過ちも犯してきた。例えば、悪名高い一人っ子政策。1979年に導入され、そ
の日からずっと鉄の掟となったが、サイエンスに公表された新しい研究が明ら
かにしている。いかにもその考えは間違えだった。

当初、政策は冷たい理屈のようなものにかなっていた。国内の人口増加は制御
不能。1949年から1979年まででほぼ75%跳ね上がった。一人当たりの所得は
300元、わずかに48ドル強だった。複数の子供がいる世帯に立派な子育てをす
る金はないに等しい。それなら途方もない子作りをみな取り締まって、両方の
問題を一挙に解決してはどうか。

34年後、立案者は勝ちは勝ちだと宣言してもいい。中国の経済は活況を呈して
いる。13億4000万の人口は、この政策を採らなかった場合に比べて15%少ない
と評価される。だがそれは、生まれていたはずの2億5000万の中国人の子供が
いないということを意味する。2004年に性選別中絶の習慣は禁止されたが、そ
れまでに無数の女の子が中絶された。伝統的に中国では男の子を望む傾向があ
るからだ。このジェンダー差別の結果、同国の結婚年齢の男性は女性より3200
万人も多くいる。ブリティッシュ・メディカル・ジャーナルは伝えている。

こうした悩ましい数字のうちに見失われるのは、単生児そのものはどうなった
かということだ。1975年に生まれた中国人の27%だけが一人っ子だった。1983
年は91%だった。あなたたちが両親から遺伝的遺産を託される唯一の頼みであ
るなら、みな最高の学校に通い、最高の服を着て、最高の食べ物を食べるよう
になってもおかしくない。少なくとも複数の兄弟がいる世帯の子供たちに比べ
ればそうだ。だが、あななたちはまたやがて傲慢な自尊心を持つことになる。
もう何年もの間、中国の親や教師はxiao huangdi、すなわち小皇帝現象として
知られるものを嘆いてきた。過保護に育てられた特権的な世代である子供たち
は、自分たちは天下の中心に座っていると信じている。なぜなら、彼らはまさ
にそのように扱われてきたからだ。


■ もう一度ふむなるTIMEしよう! ■


China’s One-Child Policy: Curse of the ‘Little Emperors’
( TIME )

China is a colossal country and, as befits such a global powerhouse,
it has made some colossal mistakes. Take its infamous one-child
policy, implemented in 1979 and condemned from that day forward. A
new study released in Science makes it clear just how misguided the
idea was.

Initially, the policy seemed to make a cold kind of sense: the
country’s population growth was out of control, leaping nearly 75%
from 1949 to 1976; its per capita income was about 300 yuan, or just
over $48, and families with multiple children had nowhere near enough
money to raise them well. Why not just clamp down on all the
prodigious baby making and solve both problems at once?

Thirty-four years later, the planners can claim a crude victory.
China’s economy has boomed, and its 1.34 billion population is
estimated to be about 15% smaller than it would have been otherwise.
But that means that 250 million Chinese babies who would have been
born never were. Until 2004, when the practice of sex-selective
abortion was banned, millions of girls were aborted to satisfy
China’s traditional preference for boys; and as a result of that
gender bias, there are 32 million more marriage-age men in the
country than there are women, according to the British Medical Journal.

Lost in all those troubling numbers is what’s become of the
singletons themselves. Just 27% of those born in China in 1975 were
only children; in 1983, it was 91%. When you’re your parents’ one
shot at a genetic legacy, you may get to attend all the best schools,
wear all the best clothes and eat all the best foods -- at least
relative to children in multiple-sibling households. But you also
wind up with an overweening sense of your own importance. For years
now, Chinese parents and teachers have lamented what’s known as the
xiao huangdi -- or little emperor -- phenomenon, a generation of
pampered and entitled children who believe they sit at the center of
the social universe because that’s exactly how they’ve been treated.


■ もっとふむなるしたい人は、記事の続きも読んでみよう!
 ↓ ↓ ↓
http://ti.me/11wiqdZ


■ 編集後記 ■


大雪。すってんころりん。gooメールの不通。そして大島渚の訃報。いろんな
ことがありまして、配信が一日遅れてしまいました。嗚呼、オーシマも死んじ
まったか。合掌。


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