罰当たりな十代向け小説 毒づく登場人物はとかく格好良くて

Profanity in Teen Novels: Characters Who Curse Are Often the Most
( TIME )

In a recent analysis of best-selling teen novels, researchers from
Brigham Young University report that young readers encounter about
seven instances of profanity per hour -- and those characters with the
dirtiest mouths are often the richest, most popular and best-looking.
As with so many things, surmise the researchers, parents are probably
in the dark about the trash their kids are reading.

Brigham Young University professor Sarah Coyne and her colleagues
analyzed profanity use in 40 teen novels on the New York Times’
best-seller list of children’s books published in 2008. All the books
reviewed targeted children age 9 or older.

The researchers defined profanity as any language considered obscene,
offensive, taboo or vulgar by the American public. They categorized
profanities into five groups:

1. The Seven Dirty Words: Words the Federal Communications Commission
(FCC) considers unspeakable for broadcast television.

2. Sexual Words: Words describing body parts or sexual behavior in a
coarse way.

3. Excretory Words: Words that have direct or literal reference to
human waste.

4. Strong Others: Words defined as strong based on their level of
offensiveness or “taboo-ness.”

5. Mild Others: Words that are mild based on their level of
offensiveness or “taboo-ness.”

While profanity in TV, movies and video games has been studied at
length, Coyne is one of the first to look at its prevalence in books.
What’s especially concerning is that unlike other forms of media,
there are no content warnings or ratings on teen novels.

“We hold books to a higher standard compared to other forms of
media,” says Coyne. “There is not a lot of research on books in this
regard, but the amount of profanities was truly eye-opening for me.”

“Books are harder to monitor,” says Coyne. “I recommend parents talk
to their kids about teen novels as they would any other media form.”

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わが妹、わが代役 ガンとの戦いの後にもらった究極の母の日の贈り物

My Sister, My Surrogate: After Battling Cancer, One Woman Receives the
Ultimate Mother’s Day Gift
( TIME )

This is a Mother’s Day story, but it is really about sisters, about
how it took two of them to make one of them a mother. It is a story
about cancer and the shadow it cast over the lives of these women,
since Melissa Brown was 2 and her sister, Jessica, was a baby. It’s a
story, in part, about death. But ultimately, it’s about life -- two
new lives, to be exact -- and the unexpected roads that women sometimes
travel to motherhood.

Melissa, an attorney, and Jessica, a jeweler, grew up in Cape May,
N.J., sharing clothes and secrets. They’re best friends who talk on
the phone every day. When Melissa got engaged, Jessica was the first to
know. Melissa had just finished law school; her fiance, Steve Mohler,
was working as a software engineer for Lockheed Martin. It had been
five years since they met at the Lobster House in Cape May -- she had
waited tables, he’d bused them -- and they were planning a June 15,
2008, wedding, one year from the day Steve popped the question.

There were other things Melissa, now 30, and Jessica, 27, shared: the
specter of cancer, for one. Their mother, Gail, was diagnosed with
breast cancer in 1984 at the age of 30, when the girls were too young
to understand what it must have been like for her to undergo treatment,
including a bilateral mastectomy, as the parent of a baby and a
toddler. Her treatment -- from her initial Stage 3 diagnosis until
scans showed no signs of disease -- lasted three years. Melissa, who
was 5 by that time, remembers going to doctor’s appointments with her
mother. After the doctor finished injecting saline into her mother’s
breast-tissue expanders, readying them for implants, she’d use the
syringe to squirt water at Melissa and Jessica.

Gail was always open with her girls about the need to do breast
self-exams; after all, she’d found her cancer herself in the months
after Jessica’s birth. As soon as her daughters developed breasts --
it may have been around age 12 but certainly by age 13 -- Gail taught
them how to creep their fingers in spiraling circles around their
breasts, searching for anything that didn’t belong.

In early 2006, Gail discovered another lump. In a very rare occurrence
after both breasts had been removed, the cancer had returned. Chemo
cleared it up. But in Nov. 2007, it resurfaced. It would be Gail’s
third time fighting the disease, but she wasn’t feeling defeated. “I
did not let cancer prevent me from seeing my girls grow up,” she told
Melissa and Jessica. “I will not let it prevent me from watching you
both get married. I want to see grandchildren.”

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オバマ対ロムニー 厳しい調子で始まる

Obama-Romney Starts with a Harsh Tone
( TIME )

The 2012 presidential general election has begun. It won't be pretty.

Tuesday marked Day One, in essence, of the contest between the two
virtually certain nominees, Republican Mitt Romney and President Barack
Obama. Rick Santorum's departure removed the last meaningful bump from
Romney's path to the GOP nomination. Romney and Obama wasted no time in
portraying the voters' choice in dire, sometimes starkly personal terms.

With Obama saddled with a still-ailing economy and a divisive health
care law, and Romney riding a wave of blistering TV ads, the fall
election is unlikely to dwell on "hope," "change" and other uplifting
themes from four years ago. Much of the nation's ire then was aimed at
departing President George W. Bush, and Obama had no extensive record
to defend.

The landscape is much different now. Americans face nearly seven months
of hard-hitting jabs and counterpunches between the two parties'

Obama, campaigning in Florida, said the choice this fall will be as
stark as in the 1964 contest between Lyndon Johnson and Barry
Goldwater, which resulted in one of the biggest Democratic landslides
ever. That election included dramatic and controversial moments, such
as Goldwater's defense of "extremism in the defense of liberty" and a
devastating TV ad suggesting a Goldwater presidency would lead to
nuclear war.

Obama didn't mention Romney by name. His top aides have shown less
restraint, however.

Obama campaign manager Jim Messina said in a statement after Santorum's
withdrawal: "It's no surprise that Mitt Romney finally was able to
grind down his opponents under an avalanche of negative ads. But
neither he nor his special interest allies will be able to buy the
presidency with their negative attacks. The more the American people
see of Mitt Romney, the less they like him."

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猫が無事に19階から転落する ムササビの滑空のように

Cat Survives 19-Story Fall by Gliding Like a Flying Squirrel
( TIME )

They say cats have the ability to always land on their feet, and Sugar
is proof.

The 1-year-old white cat plunged 19 floors after falling from the
window of a high-rise building in Boston on Wednesday, landing in a
small area of soft mulch and suffering only minor injuries.

Mike Brammer, assistant manager of the animal rescue services
department at the Animal Rescue League of Boston, the organization that
took Sugar in after the fall, told MSNBC that the fact that Sugar
landed in a tiny patch of mulch, which was surrounded by brick and
concrete, was no coincidence. Brammer guessed that in addition to a
little bit of luck, Sugar was able to aim her fall by becoming akin to
a “flying squirrel.”

Additionally, the height of Sugar’s dive might have worked in her
favor. According to a 1987 study on the so-called High-Rise Syndrome,
published in the Journal of the American Veterinary Medical
Association, cats who fell from higher floors fared much better because
they can spread themselves out like a parachute and slow the impact.

As for Sugar, after being treated for a minor scratch and some bruising
on her lungs, she was reunited with her owner, Brittney Kirk, who was
at work during her cat’s wild adventure. While she’s definitely is no
worse for the wear, it’s likely that Sugar is now one life down, with
eight to go.

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Can Trayvon Martin's Death Alter Our Race and Gun Cultures?
( TIME )

On a number of levels, it makes sense that Florida is the site of the
Trayvon Martin tragedy that's riveting the nation. Florida purports to
be our new multi-racial, multi-ethnic social model, a showcase of early
21st-century America; yet the case of Martin's fatal February shooting,
which emits at least a strong odor of anti-black bias, seems to point
up just how lodged in the early-20th century South much of the state
can still be. Florida advertises itself as a cheerful, laid-back beach
peninsula; yet its residents consistently rank among the country's
rudest drivers and gloomiest people, which makes it less surprising
that seven years ago the state pioneered the hair-trigger "stand your
ground" law that's at the heart of the Martin controversy.

One of the silver linings of the Martin case -- in which an African-
American 17-year-old, apparently doing nothing more menacing than
walking home from a convenience store, was shot and killed the night of
Feb. 26 by an overzealous neighborhood crime-watch volunteer in
Sanford, Fla., who thought the boy looked "suspicious" -- is that it
might help shake Florida, if not the country it so typifies today, out
of its denial. The massive demonstrations in Sanford calling for the
arrest of the shooter, George Zimmerman, and for the resignation of the
local police chief who refused to charge him; the high school walkouts
by Florida teens protesting the killing of yet another young black man;
President Obama's poignant remark today that if he had a son "he'd look
like Trayvon" -- it's all helped move state authorities to convene a
special grand jury and Florida Governor Rick Scott to appoint a special
prosecutor to investigate the incident.

Just as important, Scott, a conservative Republican, deserves credit
for forming a task force, headed by his lieutenant governor and a promin
ent black Tallahassee minister, to review Florida's stand-your-ground
law -- known sardonically as the "shoot first" law. The 2005 statute
lets anyone, anywhere use deadly force against another person if they
believe, as Zimmerman questionably claimed, that their life or safety
is in danger. More than 20 other states have adopted similar laws.
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